Dr. Anton Brekin, a Russian nutritionist, declared that cholesterol is of two types, "good" and "bad". What are the differences between them and where is the "bad" cholesterol?
In an interview with "Izvestia" newspaper, Brekin points out that cholesterol is a fat-soluble substance found in every cell of the human body, and it contributes to the building of cell membranes and the synthesis of hormones, bile acids and vitamin D. About 80 percent of it is produced by the liver, and the rest is obtained by humans from foods that are take it.
"In everyday life you can find concepts like 'good' and 'bad' cholesterol," he says.
According to him, the "good" cholesterol is found in high-density lipoproteins, and its molecules are very small so they pass through the blood vessels easily, even picking up excess fat and transporting it to the liver for processing. As for the "harmful" it is found in low-density packages, and its particles are large, so it "gets stuck" in the damaged places inside the blood vessels and sticks to their walls. Over time, these accumulations turn into atherosclerotic plaques. This means the higher the "bad" cholesterol in the blood, the higher the risk of cardiovascular disease.
According to him, "bad" cholesterol is abundant in butter, with 100 grams of it containing 185 milligrams of cholesterol. And of course completely abstaining from eating butter is incorrect. Because butter is high in A, E, K, D, C, and B vitamins, as well as omega-3 and omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids. And to get these useful substances, it is enough to eat 10-20 grams of butter a day.
He adds: Egg yolks, brains, kidneys, liver and mayonnaise are rich in "bad" cholesterol. Therefore, those who suffer from high cholesterol levels are advised to refrain from taking these substances.
According to him, high-fat cheese is another source of "bad" cholesterol, so it is recommended to eat low-fat cheeses.
The expert advises to reduce the level of cholesterol in the blood by exercising, physical activity, and following a healthy diet that contains a high percentage of dietary fiber and polyunsaturated fatty acids.
Source: newspaper "Izvestia" Source news: https://ar.rt.com/vfcd