Marcus Aurelius, also known as Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus, was a Roman emperor who ruled from 161 AD until his death in 180 AD. He is often referred to as one of the "Five Good Emperors" of Rome, a period known for its relatively stable and prosperous governance.
Born on April 26, 121 AD, in Rome, Marcus Aurelius was adopted by Emperor Antoninus Pius and succeeded him as emperor. He was a Stoic philosopher and is best known for his literary work "Meditations" (Greek: "Ta eis heauton" or "To Himself"). This collection of personal writings, composed during his military campaigns and governing duties, provides insights into his Stoic philosophy and reflections on life, duty, and virtue.
Throughout his reign, Marcus Aurelius faced various challenges, including external military threats from Germanic and Parthian tribes, as well as internal issues within the Roman Empire. Despite these difficulties, he was known for his just and benevolent rule and for promoting the idea of being a "philosopher-king," inspired by Stoic principles, wherein an emperor should rule with wisdom and virtue.
Marcus Aurelius passed away on March 17, 180 AD, while on a military campaign in present-day Vienna, Austria. His "Meditations" has become a classic of Stoic philosophy and is still widely read and studied today. The text provides valuable insights into the Stoic worldview and the ethical principles that Marcus Aurelius sought to uphold during his life and reign.
The 10 important insights for self discipline from Marcus Aurelius.
1. Self Discipline starts with finding your purpose
2. Count on yourself
3. Show up every day
4. Practice voluntary hardship
5. Practice dichotomy of control
6. Never play the victim
7. Practice delayed gratification
8. Ignore naysayers
9. Find wise people to emulate
10. Honestly review your day